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Posted by / 20-Aug-2020 03:41

Moreover, they emphasize the need for federal funding to support such approaches.

As the American Medical Association noted, “federal funding of comprehensive sex education programs that stress the importance of abstinence in preventing unwanted teenage pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections, and also teach about contraceptive choices and safer sex [is imperative].”The vast majority of parents also want the federal government to fund programs that are medically accurate, age-appropriate, and educate youth about both abstinence and contraception.

Overall, 82 percent of those polled supported a comprehensive approach, and 68 percent favored instruction on how to use a condom; only 36 percent supported abstinence-only programs.

The election of President Barack Obama brought with it a significant shift in how the federal government addresses sex education as well as a shift in resources.

The Office of Adolescent Health was created as part of the Preventive Health Amendments of 1992 (P. 102-531), however, Fiscal Year 2010 marks the first time that OAH has been given any funding.

In 1992, OAH was charged with coordinating all activities within HHS that related to adolescent “disease prevention, health promotion, preventive health services, and health information and education,” including program design, support, and evaluation, trend monitoring, adolescent health research projects, and training for health providers who work with adolescents.

The federal government finally began heeding the evidence and the urgings of the nation’s leading medical and public health organizations and dedicated funding for more comprehensive approaches to sex education.

For Fiscal Year 2010, President Obama and Congress not only eliminated funding for existing abstinence-only-until-marriage programs, including the Community-Based Abstinence Education grant program and the abstinence-only funding granted pursuant to the Adolescent Family Life Act, but also provided funding for two new sex education initiatives to support both evidence-based programs and innovative approaches to prevent unintended teen pregnancy and STDs, including HIV.

In fact, a more comprehensive approach to sex education has been shown to help teens delay sexual initiation, reduce the frequency of sexual intercourse, and have fewer sexual partners.Prior to Fiscal Year 2010, the federal government did not dedicate funding for comprehensive sex education despite the fact that overwhelming evidence has shown such programs to be effective and there is broad support for these programs from medical and public health organizations as well as the majority of Americans, including parents.While federal funding had previously supported teen pregnancy prevention, HIV-prevention, or STD-prevention activities—such as those funded through the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)—it had never dedicated funding specifically to comprehensive sex education programs.The recommendation is based on evidence of effectiveness in reducing a number of self-reported risk behaviors, including engagement in any sexual activity, frequency of sexual activity, number of partners, and frequency of unprotected sexual activity; as well as increasing the self-reported use of protection against pregnancy and STDs and reducing the incidence of self-reported or clinically-documented STDs.Major medical and public health organization in the United States also raised serious ethical concerns about U. support for abstinence-only-until-marriage programs and came to the conclusion that such programs are neither effective nor best for young people.

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As a result, many young people have not received all of the information they needed to make healthy life choices, have healthy relationships, delay sexual activity if they chose to do so, and protect themselves from unintended pregnancy, HIV, and other STDs when they do become sexually active.